A skin rash is any area of discoloration, swelling or irregular texture that can be either localized or spread over the entire body. Rashes may itch, burn, peel or blister. A rash generally occurs in the area where the skin has made contact with an allergen, although direct contact is not always necessary to form a rash. If the rash has been caused by contact, it is best to wash the area with soap and water. An antihistamine and hydrocortisone cream can provide some relief.
Hives are a form of rash characterized by numerous raised, itchy bumps with a red base.
The body actually has “itch nerves” that seem to serve just one purpose. Itching in humans may have evolved as a way to encourage scratching to remove poisonous plant materials or insect venom. Histamine, a chemical released in an allergic reaction, can spark itching and it is a common symptom for allergy sufferers.
Red or Watery Eyes
Eyes can become itchy, red and watery in response to histamine. Red eyes can be managed with decongestants, which constrict the blood vessels or eye drops. Special eye drops to reduce itching, pressure and swelling can be prescribed to allergy sufferers by their doctors.
While it may feel as though the sinuses are full of mucous, a feeling of congestion and difficulty breathing is actually the result of inflammation and is best managed with an antihistamine/decongestant. Blowing your nose may not be the solution when it comes to allergy congestion.
Asthma is an inflammation of the airways leading to wheezing and shortness of breath. Attacks can range from uncomfortable to life threatening. it is best managed by identifying and avoiding triggers or the use of bronchodilators or oral steroids prescribed by a doctor. Some people find caffeine can provide temporary relief of mild asthma symptoms.
A sneeze is the body’s way of attempting to expel foreign irritants, such as pollen, from the sinuses. The best way to control sneezing is by avoiding triggers and finding a daily antihistamine. A sneeze can usually be stifled by exhaling all the air from your lungs until the urge has passed.
Eczema is a form of rash, often recurring, that can present with dry, blistering or cracking skin. Skin affected by eczema should be kept moisturized, and can be directly covered with waterproof tape to mitigate itching and prevent skin cracking or flaking. Special moisturizing gloves or patches can be used while sleeping.
Headaches can be caused by histamine released during an allergy attack or as a result of inflammation in the sinuses. Often allergy medication is combined with an NSAID such as acetaminophen to combat the pain of headaches.
Anaphylaxis, or anaphylactic shock is a sever and life-threatening allergy reaction that includes a swelling of the face and throat as well as a rapid drop in blood pressure. It can cause difficulty breathing, pain, and cardiac arrest. The treatment for anaphylactic shock is an injection of epinephrine administered during the attack. Those at risk of allergenic anaphylaxis carry emergency epinephrine syringes.